I'm doing a spot of research about war, including a list of all the wars ever for the "soil or leaf mould" element of the quilt. On top of this will be embroidered the numbers of people killed in some of the wars.
At best, they are only estimates. Can you ever know how many were killed in conflicts, or who died afterwards from starvation and disease? No of course not. World War 2 and the Mongol Conquests are the most numerous I think. WW2 estimates between 40 and 72 million, and the Mongol conquests about 50 million. (1206-1368).
1200 BC Trojan War(believed by many historians to be a mythical event) 499 - 479 BC Persian Wars (also called Greco-Persian Wars) 431- 404 BC Peloponnesian War 334- 323 BC Wars of Alexander the Great 300s BC Samnite Wars between Rome and Samnium264- 241 BC First Punic War 218- 202 BC Second Punic War 149- 146 BC Third Punic War 215 BC 197 BC 168 BC Macedonian Wars 91- 88 BC - Social War 82- 81 BC - Sulla's civil war 73- 71 BC - The SpartacistRebellion 58- 50 BC Julius Caesar's Gallic Wars 49- 45 BC - Caesar's civil war 48 BC Battle of Pharsalus 43 BC - 31 BC Roman Civil War 31 BC Battle of Actium 43 Roman occupation of Britain 220- 265War of Three Kingdoms in China 291 - 306War of the Eight Princes in China 533 - 534Vandal Wars 1066 Norman Conquest 1096 - 1291 Crusades 1096 - 1099 First Crusade 1101 Crusade of 1101 1147 - 1149 Second Crusade 1187 - 1191 Third Crusade 1202 - 1204 Fourth Crusade 1209 - 1229 Albigensian Crusade 1212 Children's Crusade (Often believed to be just a story) 1217 - 1221 Fifth Crusade 1228 Sixth Crusade 1248 - 1254 Seventh Crusade 1270 Eighth Crusade 1271 - 1291 Ninth Crusade 1293 - 1323 War between Sweden and Novgorod ended up with Treaty of Nöteborg 1296 - 1328 First War of Scottish Independence 1332 - 1333 Second War of Scottish Independence 1337 - 1453 Hundred Years' War 1341 - 1364 Breton War of Succession 1420 - 1436 Hussite Wars 1454 - 1466 Thirteen Years' War. Between Poland and Teutonic Knights, which finally broke the power of the latter. 1455 - 1485 Wars of the Roses 1474 - 1477 War between the Duchy of Burgundy and the Swiss Confederation 1478 - War between the Principality of Moscow and the Republic of Novgorod. The latter was conquered. 1494 - 1559 Italian Wars 1494 - 1498 Charles VIII's Italian War 1499 - 1500 Louis XII's war with Milan 1500 - 1502 Franco-Spanish Conquest of Naples 1502 - 1505 Franco-Spanish War over Naples 1508 - 1510 War of the League of Cambrai 1510 - 1513 War of the Holy League 1511 - 1514 Anglo-French War 1513 Anglo-Scottish War (Battle of Flodden) 1515 - 1516 Francis I's first Italian war 1521 - 1525 First war of Francis and Charles V 1521-1525 Anglo-French War 1526 - 1529 War of the League of Cognac 1536 - 1538 Third War of Francis and Charles 1542 - 1544 Last War of Francis and Charles 1542 - 1546 Anglo-French War 1542 - 1550 Anglo-Scottish War 1549 - 1550 Anglo-French War 1552 - 1559 Last Italian War 1557 - 1559 Anglo-French War 1495 - 1497 Russo-Swedish War 1499 - 1503 Turkish-Venetian War 1509 - 1513 Ottoman Civil War 1514 - 1516 Ottoman-Safavid War 1515 - 1523 Rebellion of the Frisians 1516 - 1517 Ottoman-Mamluk War 1521 - 1523 The Swedish War of Liberation 1521 - 1523 Uprising of the Comuneros in Castile 1521 - 1526 Ottoman-Hungarian War 1522 Ottoman Conquest of Rhodes 1522 The Knights' War in Germany 1524 - 1525 The Peasants' War in Germany 1526 - 1528 Hungarian Civil War 1526 - 1555 Ottoman-Safavid War 1528 - 1533 Ottoman-Habsburg War in Hungary 1531 Swiss Civil War between Zürich and the Catholic cantons 1532 - 1546 Ottoman-Habsburg War in the Mediterranean 1533 - 1536 The Counts' War in Denmark 1537 - 1544 Renewed Ottoman-Habsburg War in Hungary 1546 - 1547 Schmalkaldic War 1551 - 1562 Ottoman-Habsburg War in Hungary 1551 - 1581 Ottoman-Habsburg War in the Mediterranean (Battle of Lepanto (1571)) 1552 - 1555 Charles V's war with Maurice of Saxony 1554 - 1557 Great Russian War 1557 - 1571 Livonian War 1559 - 1560 Scottish Rebellion against the French 1562 - 1598 Wars of Religion in France, also called War of the Three Henries or Huguenot Wars 1562 - 1563 First War of Religion 1567 - 1568 Second War of Religion 1568 - 1570 Third War of Religion 1572 - 1573 Fourth War of Religion 1575 - 1576 Fifth War of Religion 1576 - 1577 Sixth War of Religion 1580 Seventh War of Religion (Lovers' War) 1585 - 1598 Eighth War of Religion 1589 - 1598 Franco-Spanish War 1562 - 1568 Ottoman-Habsburg War in Hungary 1563 - 1570 Northern Seven Years' War also known as Dano-Swedish War 1566 (or 1568) - 1648 Eighty Years' War (war of Dutch independence) 1566(or 1568) - 1609 First Phase 1621 - 1648 Second Phase1567 - 1573 Scottish Civil War1568 - 1571 Morisco Revolt in Spain1570 - 1595 Twenty-five Years' War between Sweden and Russia1577 - 1582 Livonian War (Poland vs. Russia)1577 - 1590 Turkish-Persian War1580 - 1583 Portuguese Civil War1585 - 1604 Anglo-Spanish War (Spanish Armada, 1588)1590 - 1606 "Long War" between the Empire and the Turks1594 - 1603 Tyrone Rebellion in Ireland1596 - 1597 The Cudgel War in Finland1600 - 1611 Polish-Swedish War1602 - 1612 Turkish-Persian War1609 - 1618 Russo-Polish War1610 - 1617 Ingrian War between Sweden and Russia1611 - 1613 War of Kalmar between Sweden and Denmark1613 - 1617 Russo-Swedish War1614 - 1621 Polish-Turkish War1616 - 1618 Turkish-Persian War1617 - 1629 Polish-Swedish War1618 - 1648 Thirty Years' War across Europe, ends with the Peace of Westphalia. 1618 - 1625 Bohemian/Palatine Phase1618 - 1629 Austro-Transylvanian War1625 - 1629 Danish Phase1625 - 1630 Anglo-Spanish War1626 - 1630 Anglo-French War1627 - 1631 War of the Mantuan Succession1630 - 1635 Swedish Phase1635 - 1648 French Phase1635 - 1659 Franco-Spanish War (ending with the Treaty of the Pyrenees)1645 Renewed Austro-Transylvanian War1623 - 1638 Turkish-Persian War1625 - 1629 Huguenot Uprising in France1632 - 1634 Russo-Polish War1634 Polish-Swedish War1637 Pequot War1639 - 1652 English Civil War 1639 First Bishops' War1640 Second Bishops' War1641 - 1650 Irish War1642 - 1646 First Civil War1648 Second Civil War1650 - 1652 Scottish Uprising1640 - 1656 Catalan Revolt1640 - 1668 Portuguese War of Independence1645 - 1670 Turkish-Venetian War1648 - 1653 The Fronde1648 - 1649 First Fronde1650 - 1653 Second Fronde1648 - 1660 The Deluge/Northern Wars, A series of wars involving Poland, Sweden, Brandenburg, Russia and Transylvania and Denmark 1648 - 1654 Cossack Revolt against Poland1654 - 1656 Russo-Polish War1655 - 1656 Swedish-Brandenburg War1655 - 1660 Polish-Swedish War1656 - 1658 Russo-Swedish War1656 - 1660 Danish-Swedish War1657 - 1660 Dutch-Swedish War1658 - 1667 Russo-Polish War1652 - 1654 First Anglo-Dutch War1656 - 1659 Anglo-Spanish War1657 - 1662 Turkish-Transylvanian War1662 - 1664 Austro-Turkish War1665 - 1667 Second Anglo-Dutch War preceded by the capture of New Amsterdam, renamed New York City1667 - 1668 War of Devolution1671 - 1676 Polish-Turkish War1672 - 1678 Dutch War 1672 - 1674 Third Anglo-Dutch War1672 - 1679 War between Brandenburg and Sweden1675 - 1679 Scanian War between Sweden and Denmark1675 - 1676 King Philip's War1678 - 1681 Russo-Turkish War1682 - 1699 War of the Holy League (Austria, Venice, and Poland vs. Ottomans1685 Monmouth's Rebellion1688 - 1697 War of the Grand Alliance 1689 - 1691 Irish Jacobite Uprising1695 - 1700 Russo-Turkish War1700 - 1721 Great Northern War between a coalition of Denmark/Norway, Russia and Saxony/Poland on one side and Sweden on the other side 1710 - 1711 Russo-Turkish War, 1710-11, a part of the Great Northern War1715 - 1717 Polish revolt against King Augustus II1701 - 1714 War of Spanish Succession 1702 - 1713 Queen Anne's War The North American part of the War of Spanish Succession1703 - 1711 Hungarian Revolt1714 - 1718 Turko-Venetian War1715 - 1716 Jacobite Rebellion also known as "The Fifteen"1716 - 1718 Austro-Turkish War1718 - 1720 War of the Quadruple Alliance1722 - 1723 Russo-Persian War 1722-17231722 - 1727 Turco-Persian War1727 - 1729 largely bloodless Spanish war with England and France1730 - 1736 Turco-Persian War1733 - 1738 War of the Polish Succession 1736 - 1739 Russo-Turkish War1737 - 1739 Austro-Turkish War1740 - 1748 War of the Austrian Succession1739 - 1748 War of Jenkins' Ear1740 - 1742 1st Silesian War1741 - 1743 Hats' Russian War between Sweden and Russia1744 - 1748 King George's War The North American part of the War of Austrian Succession1744 - 1745 2nd Silesian War1744 - 1748 First Carnatic War1745 - 1746 "The Forty-five"1743 - 1747 Turco-Persian War1749 - 1754 Second Carnatic War1756 - 1763 Seven Years' War, known as the French and Indian War in the United States, and also 3rd Silesian War 1761 - 1763 Spanish-Portuguese War1763 - 1766 Pontiac's Rebellion1768 - 1774 Russo-Turkish War1768 - 1776 War of the Confederation of Barin Poland1773 - 1774 Pugachev's Rebellion1774 - 1783 First Anglo-Maratha War1775 - 1783 American Revolutionary War 1778 - 1783 Anglo-French War1779 - 1783 Anglo-Spanish War1780 - 1784 Anglo-Dutch War1777 - 1779 War of the Bavarian Succession1785 - 1787 Dutch Civil War1787 - 1791 Austro-Turkish War1787 - 1792 Russo-Turkish War1788 - 1790 Gustav III's Russian War also known as Russo-Swedish War1791 - 1804 Haiti Revolutionary War1792 War in defence of the constitutionin Poland1792 - 1802 French Revolutionary Wars 1792 - 1797 War of the First Coalition 1792 - 1795 Franco-Prussian War1792 - 1797 Franco-Austrian War1793 - 1795 Franco-Spanish War1793 - 1795 Franco-Dutch War1793 - 1802 Franco-British War1798 - 1801 War of the Second Coalition 1798 - 1799 Franco-Russian War1799 - 1801 Franco-Austrian War1798 - 1801 Quasi War1794 Kosciuszko Uprising in Poland1795 - 1798 United Irishmen Revolt1801 War of the Oranges1801 - 1805 First Barbary War1803 - 1805 First Kandyan War1803 - 1815 Napoleonic Wars 1805 War of the Third Coalition1806 - 1807 War of the Fourth Coalition1807 - 1814 Peninsular War1809 War of the Fifth Coalition1802 - 1805 Second Anglo-Maratha War1812 Franco-Russian War1813 - 1814 War of the Sixth Coalition1815 War of the Seventh Coalition also known as the Hundred Days War1815 Neapolitan War1804 - 1806 Serbian Revolt in Ottoman Empire1804 - 1810 Fulani War in Nigeria1804 - 1813 Russo-Persian War, 1804-131805 - 1811 Egyptian Revolution1806 - 1807 Ashanti-Fante War1806 - 1812 Russo-Turkish War, 1806-121808 - 1809 The Finnish War between Russia and Sweden wherein Sweden cedes Finland to Russia1809 - 1825 Bolivian Independence War1810 - 1816 Argentine War of Independence1810 - 1811 Anglo-Dutch Java War1810 - 1818 Tukulor War1810 - 1821 Mexican War of Independence1811 Tecumseh's War1811 Ga-Fante War1811 - 1818 Egyptian-Wahhabi War also known as Ottoman–Saudi War.1811 - 1825 Bolívar's War1811 - 1812 Venezuelan War of Independence1813 - 1814 Bolívar in Venezuela 1813-141815 - 1816 Spanish Invasion of New Granada1816 - 1817 Bolívar in Venezuela 1816-181819 - 1820 Bolívar in New Granada1821 Bolívar in Venezuela 18211822 Republican Campaign in Ecuador1824 - 1825 Republican Campaign in Bolivia1812 - 1814 War of 1812 fought between the United States and Britain, and part of the greater war between Britain and France1813 - 1814 The Creek War1814 - 1816 The Gurkha War1814 - 1816 Ashanti Invasion of the Gold Coast1814 - 1824 San Martin's War1815 Second Kandyan War1815 Second Barbary War1817 - 1818 Chilean War of Independence1817 - 1818 Third Anglo-Maratha War1817 - 1818 Uva Rebellion1817 - 1819 Zulu Civil War1817 - 1858 Seminole Wars 1817 - 1818 First Seminole War1835 - 1842 Second Seminole War1855 - 1858 Third Seminole War1820 - 1823 Spanish Civil War, 1820-18231821 - 1829 Greek War of Independence1821 - 1823 Turko-Persian War1821 - 1825 Brazilian War of Independence1821 - 1837 Padri War in Indonesia1823 - 1826 First Anglo-Burmese War1828 - 1829 Russo-Turkish War, 1828-291830 July Revolution in France1830 - 1831 Polish-Russian war following November Uprising1830 - 1839 Belgian War of Independence1835 Toledo War between US territory of Michigan and the US state of Ohio1835 - 1836 Texan War of Independence1838 Pastry War between France and Mexico1839 - 1842 First Anglo-Afghan War1839 - 1842 First Opium War1843 - 1872 Several Maori Land Wars in New Zealand 1843 Wairau Massacre1845 - 1846 First Maori War also known as Flagstaff War1846 Hutt Valley Campaign1847 Wanganui Campaign1860 - 1861 First Taranaki War1863 - 1864 Invasion of the Waikato1864 Tauranga Campaign1864 - 1866 Second Taranaki War1865 - 1868 East Cape War1868 - 1869 Titokowaru's War1868 - 1872 Te Kooti's War1846 - 1848 Mexican-American War between the United States and Mexico1848 - 1866 Italian Independence wars 1848 - 1849 First Italian Independence War, Kingdom of Sardinia allied with other Italian states against Austria1859 Second Italian Independence War, Sardinia and France against Austria1866 Third Italian Independence War, Unified Italy against Austria1848 - 1849 Hungarian Revolt of 1848 waged by Hungary against Austria and later Russia1848 - 1851 First war of Schleswig1850 - 1865 Taiping Rebellion1852 Second Anglo-Burmese War1853 - 1856 Crimean War.1856 - 1860 Second Opium War1857 - 1858 Indian Mutiny also known as the First War Of Indian Independence1857 - 1858 Utah War1857 - 1901 Caste War of Yucatán1861 - 1865 American Civil War in the United States1864 Second war of Schleswig1864 - 1870 War of the Triple Alliance; Paraguay against Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil1866 Austro-Prussian War (aka Seven Weeks War)1866 - 1868 Red Cloud's War between the Lakotaand the United States1870 - 1871 Franco-Prussian War1872 - 1873 Modoc War between the Modocand the United States1876 - 1877 Black Hills War between the Lakotaand the United States1877 - 1878 Russo-Turkish War, 1877-781878 - 1880 Second Anglo-Afghan War1879 Anglo-Zulu War1879 - 1884 War of the Pacific between Chile and the joint forces of Bolivia and Peru1880 - 1881 First Boer War in South Africa1885 - 1886 Third Anglo-Burmese War1887 - 1889 First Italo-Abyssinian War1890 Dog Tax War in New Zealand1894 - 1895 First Sino-Japanese War1895 - 1896 First Italo-Abyssinian War1897 First Greco-Turkish War1897 - 1900 Boxer Rebellion in China1898 Spanish-American War1899 - 1902 Second Boer War in South Africa1899 - 1902 The war of thousand days in Colombia1899 - 1913 Philippine-American War1904 - 1905 Russo-Japanese War1905 Revolution of 1905 in Russia1911 - 1912 Turco-Italian War fought over Libya1912 - 1913 Two Balkan Wars are fought for control of the European territories of the Ottoman Empire1914 - 1918 World War I, initially in Europe, then worldwide1916 Easter Rising rebellion in Ireland1917 - 1918 Russian Revolution1917 - 1920 Estonian Liberation War1918 Finnish Civil War, fought between "the reds" (rebellious Socialists) and "the whites" (anti-Socialists) in the aftermath of the Russian Revolution of 1917. Germany intervened on the side of the Whites.1918 - 1922 Russian Civil War, fought between "the reds" (Communists) and "the whites" (tsarists) directly after the Bolshevist Revolution. US, France and Britain also intervened on the side of the whites.1918 Polish-Czech war in TeschenSilesia1918 Viena expedition1918 - 1919 Poland and Lwow against Westukrainian Republic1918 - 1919 Great Poland Uprising, Provinz Posen against Germany1919 Third Anglo-Afghan War1919 First Silesian Uprising1919 Aunus expedition1919 - 1921 Polish-Soviet war Poland and Ukrainian Peoples Republic against Soviets1919 - 1921 Anglo-Irish War also known as the Irish War of Independence1919 - 1922 "Turkish War of Independence" 1920 - 1922 Second Greco-Turkish War1920 Second Silesian Uprising Silesian Poles against Germany1921 Third Silesian Uprising Silesian Poles against Germany1922 - 1923 Irish Civil War1932 - 1935 Chaco War between Bolivia and Paraguay1934 - 1936 Northern Expedition by Kuomintang1935 - 1936 Second Italo-Abyssinian War1936 - 1939 Spanish Civil War1937 - 1945 Second Sino-Japanese War1939 - 1945 World War II1939 - 1940 Winter War; Part of WW II, Finland against Soviet Union1941 - 1944 Continuation War; Part of WW II, Finland against Soviet Union1944 - 1945 Lapland War; Part of WW II, Finland against Germany1941 - 1945 Pacific War; Part of WW II, Japan against Australia and the United States1941 - 1942 Border war between Ecuador and Peru1944 - 1949 Greek Civil War1945 - 1949 Chinese Civil War1946 - 1954 First Indochina War1947 - 1949 First Kashmir War between India and Pakistan1948 - 1949 First Arab-Israeli War1948 - 1960 Malayan Emergency1950 - 1953 Korean War (UN-led coalition vs. North Korea)1952 - 1960 Mau Mau Uprising in Kenya1954 - 1962 Algerian War of Independence1954 - 1964 Vietnamese Civil War1955 - 1972 First Sudanese Civil War1956 Suez Crisis (Second Arab-Israeli War)1956 - 1959 Cuban Revolution1960 - 1996 Guatemalan Civil War1961 Bay of Pigs Invasion (CIA-sponsored invasion attempt by Cuban Nationals)1961 - 1975 Angolan War of Independence1962 - 1963 Sino-Indian War1964 - 1973 Vietnam War between the U.S.-led coalition (including the government of South Vietnam) and the National Liberation Front (NLF), backed by North Vietnam1964 - 1975 Mozambique's War of Independence1965 Second Kashmir War (Second Indo-Pakistani War)1965 - 1996 Chad Civil War1966 - 1988 Namibian War of Independence1967 Six-Day War (Third Arab-Israeli War)1967 - 1970 Biafra War in Nigeria1967 - 1975 Cambodian Civil War1969 Football War between Honduras and El Salvador.1971 The Pakistani Civil War that becomes the Third Indo-Pakistani War1973 Yom Kippur War (Fourth Arab-Israeli War)1974 - 1991 Ethiopian Civil War1975 - 1989 Angolan Civil War1975 - 1991 Lebanese Civil War1975 - 1998 War of Indepence in East Timor1979 Sino-Vietnamese War1979 - 1992 El Salvador Civil War1980 - 1988 Iran-Iraq War1981 Border war between Ecuador and Peru1982 Falklands War between United Kingdom and Argentina1982 Lebanon War1982 - 1984 Mozambique's Ciwil War1983 Operation Urgent Fury, U.S.-sponsored invasion of Grenada1983 - 2000 Civil War in Sri Lanka1988 - 1994 Nagorno-Karabakhwar between Armenia and Azerbaijan1989 - 1990 Operation Just Cause, United States invades Panama1990 - 1991 Persian Gulf War between Iraq and UN-led coalition1990 - 1992 Rwanda Civil War1991 - 2001 Yugoslav Wars 1991 Slovenian War1991 - 1995 Croatian War1992 - 1995 Bosnian War1998 - 1999 Kosovo War2001 Macedonian War1991 - 1993 Georgian civil wars 1991 - 1992 South Ossetian war1992 - 1994 Abkhazian War1993 Georgian civil war, western Georgia1991 - 1997 Sierra Leone Civil War1993 - 1999 Burundi Civil War1994 Yemen Civil War1994 - 1996 First Chechen War1995 Cenepa War between Peru and Ecuador1996 - 1997 Liberian Civil War1998 - 2000 Border war between Ethiopia and Eritrea1999 Kargil Conflict1999 - 2003 Second Liberian Civil War2006 - Lebanon War between Israel and the Hezbollah (organization in Southern Lebanon)1999 - Second Chechen War2001 - Civil War in Côte d'Ivoire2003 - 2010 - Invasion of Iraq12004 - Haiti rebellion2008 - Second South Ossetia War2011 - 2011 Libyan civil war2012 - 2013 Northern Mali conflict.1947 - Kashmir conflict between India and Pakistan1948 - Palestinian conflict with the Israelis1966 - Colombian Civil War1978 - Afghanistan Civil War 1978 - Communist coup of 19781978 - 1992 Civil war between Mujahideen and Democratic Republic of Afghanistan1979 - 1989 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan1991 - Somalian Civil War 1992 - 1993 Civil War between different tribal military forces1994 - 2001 Civil War between Taliban movement and Northern alliance2001 - United States war in Afghanistan1983 - Second Sudanese Civil War1992 - Civil War in Algeria1994 - Zapatista Revolution in Mexico1995 - Second Ugandan Civil War1996 - Civil War in Nepal2003 - Darfur conflict, Sudan2011 - Syrian Civil War2013 - India - Pakistan border skirmishes